Product Carbon Footprint
With the EU climate targets, more and more companies are focusing on their own emissions and a possible climate neutrality of business operations. The calculation of the product carbon footprint (PCF) is a major factor in this context as it summarizes all emissions along the value chain which are related to the product.
What is the PCF?
When calculating the PCF, all CO2-emissions generated by the product along the value chain, from raw materials through packaging all the way to disposal, are recorded. This method of assessing the complete life cycle is also called "cradle-to-grave". Whereas a partial calculation of the PCF, namely "cradle-to-gate", includes all processes from the extraction of resources (cradle) to the product leaving the company gate (gate).The cradle-to-gate approach (scope) is currently most commonly used for products whose place of use, duration of use, or, for example, end-of-life treatment is not known once the product reaches the outbound gate ready for sale.
To enable a comprehensive and representative result, not only CO2-emissions are recorded, but also CO2-equivalents of other climate-damaging gases such as methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O) are included in the calculation.
Why calculate the PCF?
How does FUCHS calculate the PCF?
MethodologyIn order to support this development with data and make it transparent, FUCHS has published its own methodology for partial PCF calculation (cradle-to-gate). The methodology is based on ISO 14067:2018, which is the most common and accepted standard on PCF methodology. The "cradle-to-gate" scope and thus the resulting PCF include all greenhouse gas emissions from our upstream supply chain (cradle-to-FUCHS-inbound-gate), as well as the emissions at FUCHS (gate-to-gate). The emissions taken into account are defined according to the known Scopes 1-3 of the Greenhouse Gas Protocol (GHG Protocol) (see graphic above). Since FUCHS calculates a partial PCF in the scope cradle-to-gate, any emissions from the downstream supply chain (downstream scope 3) are not included. The methodology furthermore aims to create transparency for our customers on the one hand by publishing how FUCHS calculates the footprint of its products. On the other hand, it is intended to serve as a technical guide for our suppliers. The resulting standardized calculation allows for the comparability of the data provided and the calculation of a meaningful PCF for FUCHS products. After all, only if the input data for the raw materials used have been uniformly calculated and delimited can they be used to calculate a representative PCF.Compensation is not included when calculating the FUCHS-PCF.
Why is FUCHS developing its own methodology when there are standards such as ISO 14067?
- What is the objective of the calculation?
- What is included in the calculation system, what is not?
- In the case of raw materials, some of which originate from compound processes, how are the resulting emissions allocated to the large number of products that are created in parallel in the process?